Rome conquered the entire world 2,000 years ago. Roman law governed the lives and deaths of one in four people worldwide, from England to Africa and from Syria to Spain.
The Roman Empire in the first century AD combined intellect with cruelty, and it was capable of lurching rapidly from civilised, powerful, and strong to tyrannical, greedy, and frightening.
The emperors, an odd group of guys, were at the front of the group (always men). Few were merely adequate; some were good—some even great—but far too many misused their authority. Even though they had a job for life, it might always be cut short. Assassination was a risk of the job.
Roman emperors held the highest social positions.
This was graded as finely as flour. Romans had to meet certain requirements in order to be accepted as senators or equestrians. Even emancipated slaves didn't have the same privileges as citizens.
Roman daily life in the past
Additionally, each citizen's way of life was determined by their social rank. While everyone in Rome took advantage of the baths and made a big deal of their evening meal, their class was reflected in the things they wore, ate, lived in, and did for fun.
Petronius, one of many Roman authors whose observation and humour still breathe life into a culture long since dead, criticised anyone who attempted to rise the ranks too soon.
Rome was considerably more than simply one city, despite the fact that Petronius was familiar with it.Its empire was a sizable assemblage of states that was backed up by power. Not always was it tranquil. Roman steel, the civilization's underlying foundation, was revealed by enemies and rebels like Cleopatra and Boudicca.
Even with the occasional uprising, the empire was a tremendous success. It was a sizable marketplace where people could freely roam and transact business. As far as Rome itself, this contributed to the spread of non-Western religions like early Christianity and Judaism. These faiths gradually encroached on the old Roman deities.
Even the Spaniard Trajan was in charge of Rome by the end of the first century AD. He was the first of many foreign emperors who demonstrated the Roman Empire's size and relevance as a huge, multiethnic melting pot.